By Faith, Abraham Hebrews 11:8-19

February 11, 2018

Grace Versus Guilt Genesis 6:18 (Noah found favor)

February 4, 2018

Credit to Jim Denison for ideas and notes

What About The Children Luke 18:15-17 (age of accountability)

January 28, 2018

Look Who Is Here — The Presence of God

January 21, 2018

Where Was Jesus After the Cross?

January 14, 2018


Here are sermon notes to aid in following the audio:

Where Was Jesus After The Cross  Luke 23:39-46

The Apostles’ Creed after A.D. 650, includes the phrase, “he descended into hell,” meaning that Jesus, between the crucifixion and the resurrection went to the place of punishment, or possibly a place of waiting for Old Testament believers. Let us consider this in contrast to the inspired Word of God.


  • Acts 2:27 (Psalm 16:10)
  • Romans 10:6-7 (Deuteronomy 30:12-13)
  • Ephesians 4:8-9
  • 1Peter 3:18-20
  • 1Peter 4:6


  • “… because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell [sheol], neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.” Psalm 16:10 KJV

    • Acts 2:27 NIV “Because you will not abandon me to the grave [hades], nor will you let your Holy One see decay”

      • Both Hebrew word, sheol and Greek word, hades, can mean “the grave” or “death”
      • Fits the context >>> Christ’s body was raised from the grave, whereas David’s was not
      • Peter’s point: David’s body is dead and buried still (v.29), David was prophesying about Jesus, a descendant of David in flesh who is indeed resurrected and seated on his throne (vv.30-31)
    • Romans 10:6-7 “Do not say, ‘Who will ascend… or Who will descend into the abyss?’ …to bring Christ up…”
      • Does not say Christ is or has been in hell >>> Rather forbids the silly questions

        • Used as an example of idea of Christ being beyond reach of human beings (He is not)
      • Ephesians 4:8-9 “… ‘He ascended,’… he had descended into the lower parts of the earth?” NIV expresses thus: “… he also descended to the lower, earthly regions?” >>> acceptable understanding of Greek  = “lower regions which are earth” (the city of Chicago = the city which is Chicago)
      • 1Peter 3:18-20 “being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit, in which he went and preached to spirits in prison, because they formerly did not obey… in the days of Noah…”
        • Peter does not claim Jesus preached to all spirits >>> only those who formerly did not obey … during the building of the ark. That would be a small group in hell.
        • Why only those sinners? Offer second chance? Or Nanna Nanna? God takes no delight in death of wicked Eze.33:11
          • There is no second chance at salvation Luke16:26 (great chasm); Heb. 10:26-27(after rejecting Christ > no sacrifice); 9;27 (die > judgment)
          • Context = always be ready to share your hope 15 [That urgency would be diluted if there were a second chance]
        • Preaching to fallen angels? >>> some believe this would fit context of Peter encouraging folks suffering persecution >>> ≈ (1) your real persecutors are demons (2) other demons are now suffering (3) your demon persecutors will someday get what coming them
        • Best Explanation (Augustine) >>> Noah preached in the Spirit of Christ as he built the ark (2Peter 2:5). Now those who rejected are now in prison in hell.
      • 1Peter 4:6 “…why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead…” >>> No second chance at salvation THEREFORE The preaching must have been while they were still alive on earth
      • Jesus, from the cross: “Today…with me in Paradise (Lk23:43)
        • Paradise ≠Heaven? >>> 2Corinthians 12:4(v.2); Revelation2:7(vv.22:2,14)
        • Jesus had to suffer more than the cross? Jn19:30; Lk23:46
          • Jesus paid it all >>> to the last penny on the cross Matthew5:25-26 >>> the last penny is never paid in Hell (or people would be released) >>> Believers have had payment of the last penny imputed to them in Christ
          • >>> those in Hell have not paid their penalty
          • >>> those in Heaven have because they are there on the basis of what Christ did on the cross
        • Jesus Could Not Go To Hell Because He Is Already There
        • Hades / Tartarus / Limbo – A place to await eternal life or eternal punishment - Does Not Exist.
          • Jesus = Lamb slain before the foundation of the world (Rev.13:8 >>> Calvary accomplished before it was endured)
          • Old Testament (Abraham, Moses, David…) saints were saved in Christ (Rom.4:3;Gal.3:6;Jas.2:23;Jn.8:56) OR they were lost
            • Salvation in no other
          • Romans 3:25 “to be received” and “who had passed over” (it seemed)
            • In case of Abraham and David and Moses >>> born in sin and then God allows them into heaven with no propitiation for their sin
            • Seemed God was violating his own character >>> blessing rather than punishing them by “passing over” sin.
            • Jesus crucified demonstrated what God had promised before the foundation of the earth >>> Genesis 3:15
            • Nahum 1:3; Exodus 23:7 --- God never acquits the guilty
          • No one is --- neither saved completely nor lost completely
            • No categories of: “nearly or sort of saved” / “not saved but not lost”

Today, you are either lost and bound for hell or saved and a citizen of heaven, bound for your home with Christ.  You can believe God and be righteous in Christ Jesus = completely saved or…


Resurrected Just As He Said Mark 16

January 8, 2018

Who Was Crucified Philippians 2:5-8; Acts 20:28

December 17, 2017

Because there are many scripture references that are not read in the sermon, I have included the notes.

Who Was Crucified       Philippians2:5-8; Acts20:28

Today, a little over a week before the date we celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, let us consider an aspect of the miracle that took place in Bethlehem that made possible our salvation. God took on the form of man to accomplish what could be accomplished by no other means.



  • Holy Habakkuk 1:13a; Psalm 5:4; 1John 1:5-6
  • Invisible Colossians 1:15;John1:18;4:24
  • All Powerful / All Knowing / Ever Present
  • Eternal Genesis 1:1; Hebrews 7:3
  • Sovereign Isaiah46:9; Romans11:34
  • Worthy Of Worship Matthew4:10


  • Born Of Woman – Particularly A Virgin

    • Seed of woman Genesis 3:15
    • Uniting God And Humanity
    • To be born without sin
      • Humanity inherits sin nature from first father, Adam >>> Christ did not descend from Adam  Luke1:35
    • Human Frailties
      • Born >>> grew >>> increased in wisdom (Luke2:40)
      • Hunger / thirst / physical weakness / lost human life
      • Mind >>> obeyed parents / increased in wisdom / things he did not know “of that day…not even the son…” Mark 13:32
      • Emotions >>> sorrow / wept / marveled (at faith)
      • People saw his humanity
    • Yet Without Sin Hebrews 4:15
      • Always did what pleased Father John8:29
      • Yet, he knew temptation [Winning weight lifter knows the weight better than those who tried and failed]
    • Showed Obedience / Example
    • Perfect Substitute / Perfect Mediator
    • Sympathetic High Priest >>> Human For Ever


  • “God (Theos)” Is Used Speaking Of Jesus Christ John1:1,18; Romans9:5; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:8;   2Peter1:1; Isaiah9:6
  • “Lord (Kyrios)” Is Used Speaking Of Christ Jesus Luke2:11,18; 1:43; Matthew22:4; 1 Corinthians8:6
  • Jesus’ Claim To Deity John8:57-58 - Before Abraham…/ John3:16,36; 20:31 - Gives eternal life / John3:17; 5:23; 10:36 - Existed before he came into the world / Hebrews1:2 – Creator and heir of world / Heb.1:3 – Exact duplicate of the nature/essence (hupostasis) of God … his power upholds the universe
    • Omnipotent >>> calms storms / multiplies food to feed thousands / turns water into wine
    • Omniscient >>> Nathaniel under fig tree / Knew what was in men’s hearts / Knew who would betray
    • Omnipresent >>> not between manger and cross >>> However: Promised “there am I” Matthew 18:20; “I am with you always…”  28:20
    • Immortal >>> “I will raise it (temple/his body) up again” John2:19; I lay down my life… no one takes it” John10:17-18
    • Worthy of worship >>> Philippians 2:9; Hebrews 1:6
    • Sovereign >>> “I say unto you” vs “Thus sayeth the Lord”; Reveals the Father to whomever he chooses Matthew 11:27; All authority/ power in heaven and earth  Matthew 28:18
  • So Jesus Christ Could Bear The Sin Of Man
  • To Save Man “Salvation is from the Lord” Jonah 2:9
  • To Be Mediator 1Timothy 2:5


  • Invisible God Became Visible [Even grotesquely so]
  • Who Is Not Flesh And Blood Sacrifice Blood That Was His
  • Who Cannot Sin, Became Sin >>> So That We Might Become The Righteousness Of God  2Corinthians 5:21

This and more about the deity and humanity of Christ can be found in Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem   Zondervan press


The Crucifixion Mark 15:20-41

December 10, 2017

The purpose of the incarnation fulfilled.

The Civil Trial and our Lord’s Supper Observance 3Dec2017

December 3, 2017

Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame... Hebrews 12:2

A Religious Trial Mark 14:51-72

November 26, 2017